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an infant receiving cpr in hospital

"Often facilitated by an instructor, debriefing can be supported by innovative skill-monitoring software and intuitive visual feedback. It typically involves a thorough analysis of the actions taken, decision-making processes employed, and outcomes achieved during the simulation."

Infant resuscitation training plays a critical role in improving neonatal outcomes. It equips healthcare professionals with the necessary skills to respond effectively to life-threatening situations that may arise during the perinatal period.

In recent years, high-fidelity simulation, a technique replicating real-life clinical scenarios, has emerged as a valuable tool in infant resuscitation training. This approach, coupled with debriefing techniques, where learners reflect on their performance post-simulation, can enhance skill acquisition.

These innovative methods are transforming the landscape of infant resuscitation training, shifting it from traditional didactic approaches to more interactive and immersive techniques, exploring their implications for trainers and their potential to improve neonatal resuscitation outcomes.

The Need for Enhanced Training Methods in Infant Resuscitation

Traditional methods of infant resuscitation training have primarily involved didactic lectures, practical demonstrations and hands-on practice on low-fidelity manikins. These methods have been instrumental in providing a foundational understanding of the principles of neonatal resuscitation. However, they may not adequately prepare healthcare professionals for the complexity and unpredictability of real-life resuscitation scenarios.

The Limitations of Traditional Training

Several shortcomings associated with traditional training methods have been identified. Firstly, the low-fidelity manikins used in these trainings often lack the realism necessary to emulate the intricacies of neonatal resuscitation. This can limit the trainee’s ability to translate learned skills into clinical practice effectively.

In addition, traditional methodology often employs a ‘one-size-fits-all’ approach. This may not cater to individual learning needs or foster critical thinking, leading to a lower rate of skill retention in the long term.

Similarly, these methods often do not adequately address team dynamics, communication, and leadership skills, which are crucial in effective resuscitation. The absence of these elements can result in suboptimal team performance during neonatal resuscitation, potentially compromising patient safety.

What is High Fidelity Simulation Training?

High-fidelity simulation is a highly sophisticated training methodology that meticulously replicates real-life clinical situations within a controlled and safe environment. It employs technologically advanced manikins that adhere to high levels of anatomical and biological accuracy.

This level of realism fosters a truly immersive learning experience, enabling learners to gain hands-on experience and develop practical skills in a setting that closely mirrors actual clinical practice.

What is its impact on training outcomes?

High-fidelity simulation training has a significant impact on infant resuscitation training outcomes. A systematic review and meta-analysis of studies found that high-fidelity simulation-based neonatal resuscitation training can enhance learning outcomes.

Fifteen studies were ultimately included in the review, and the contrast in skill and knowledge retention between high-fidelity simulation and both low-fidelity and traditional training methods was compared. The analysis showed a 95% increase in skill performance and a more modest but still impressive benefit to neonatal resuscitation knowledge.

What is Debriefing in Resuscitation Training?

Debriefing is a critical component of the infant resuscitation training process. It serves as a reflective exercise conducted after the completion of the simulation scenario. This process provides an opportunity for learners to review and analyse their performance during the training session.

Often facilitated by an instructor, debriefing can be supported by innovative skill-monitoring software and intuitive visual feedback. It typically involves a thorough analysis of the actions taken, decision-making processes employed, and outcomes achieved during the simulation. 

Learners are encouraged to evaluate their strengths and weaknesses critically, identify potential gaps in their knowledge or skills, and formulate strategies for improvement. This reflective practice promotes deeper learning, enhances critical thinking skills, and fosters continuous professional development.

What is the impact on training outcomes?

Debriefing techniques have been shown to impact infant resuscitation training outcomes significantly. A large-scale review revealed a positive association between debriefing and improved CPR processes, with those taking part in debriefing sessions conducting more effective resuscitation.

The use of interactive or video-assisted debriefing has been found to improve neonatal resuscitation performance. Indeed, one study showed that adding video debriefing to standard neonatal resuscitation training enhanced the retention of knowledge and skills among health workers.

The Increased Adoption of Simulation and Debriefing Techniques

In the field of infant resuscitation training, simulation and debriefing techniques have been gaining popularity in recent years. For example, the Neonatal Resuscitation Program (NRP), a globally recognised resuscitation education program, has integrated simulation and debriefing into its curriculum.

Greater Popularity Among Trainers

Studies show that when used in conjunction, simulation-based learning and debriefing techniques can drastically enhance trainer’s satisfaction with their teaching methods. This is particularly important as satisfied trainers are more likely to engage in continuous professional development and deliver high-quality training.

Looking for Industry-Leading Infant CPR Manikins to Enhance Your Training?

Our Brayden Baby resuscitation manikins are designed to help first responders learn and deliver high-quality CPR quickly and confidently.

The Brayden Baby Pro also benefits from this capability but is also able to be linked to your tablet or existing learning management system via the Brayden Online app. This provides objective, detailed feedback on the key parameters of infant CPR. Users are given a numeric score and pictorial summary which is measured against a theoretical perfect score to help highlight anywhere that improvement may be needed.

This is a vital step in providing support for high-quality debriefing as it allows those performing resuscitation to assess their performance, leading to progressive improvement.

Our infant resuscitation training manikins are also realistic. Their anatomical accuracy encourages trainers to practice the ‘jaw thrust/lift manoeuvre,’ while its realistically large occiput means the learner must actively move the head into the correct position to open the airway.

If you want to find out more about our CPR training manikins, reach out to us now for a more detailed conversation.

Further Reading